Selected Research Papers


Braun, M.G. and P.B. Kelemen, Dunite distribution in the Oman ophiolite: Implications for melt flux through porous dunite conduits, , Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G--cubed), submitted (PDF submitted version)

Jull, M., P.B. Kelemen and K. Sims, Consequences of diffuse and channelled porous melt migration on U-series disequilibria, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, in revision.

Kelemen, P.B., G.M. Yogodzinski and D.W. Scholl, Along-strike variation in lavas of the Aleutian island arc: Implications for the genesis of high Mg# andesite and the continental crust, AGU Monograph Series (J. Eiler, editor), accepted pending revision. (PDF submitted version).

in press

Korenaga, J., P.B. Kelemen and W.S. Holbrook, Mantle melting and crustal accretion processes during the formation of the Southeast Greenland margin, in press.

Schouten, H. and P.B. Kelemen, Evidence for a process of lava segregation by viscosity on the upper flanks of the Paleo-Troodos Rise, Cyprus, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., in press.

Sims, K.W., S.J. Goldstein, J. Blichert-Toft, M.R. Perfit, P. Kelemen, D.J. Fornari, P. Michael, M.T. Murrell, S.R. Hart, D.J. DePaolo, G. Layne, L. Ball, M. Jull and J. Bender, Chemical and isotopic constraints on the generation and transport of magma beneath the East Pacific Rise, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, in press.


Garrido, C.-J., P.B. Kelemen and G. Hirth, Variation of cooling rate with depth in lower crust formed at an oceanic spreading ridge: Plagioclase crystal size distributions in gabbros from the Oman ophiolite, G-cubed 2, 2001. (PDF version).

Hanghøj, K., P. Kelemen, S. Bernstein, J. Blusztajn, and R. Frei, Osmium isotopes in the Wiedemann Fjord mantle xenoliths, a unique record of cratonic mantle formation by melt depletion in the Archaean, G-cubed 2, 2001. (PDF version).

Holbrook, W.S., H.C. Larsen, J. Korenaga, T. Dahl-Jensen, I.D. Reid, P.B. Kelemen, J.R. Hopper, G.M. Kent, D. Lizarralde, S. Bernstein, and R.S. Detrick, Mantle thermal structure and melting processes during continental breakup in the North Atlantic, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 190, 251-266, 2001. (PDF version).

Jull, M. and P.B. Kelemen, On the conditions for lower crustal convective instability, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 6423-6446, 2001. (PDF preprint).

Koga, K., P.B. Kelemen and N. Shimizu, Petrogenesis of the crust-mantle transition zone (MTZ) and the origin of lower crustal wehrlite in the Oman Ophiolite, G-cubed 2, 2001. (PDF version).

Korenaga, J., W. S. Holbrook, R. Detrick and P.B. Kelemen, Gravity anomalies and crustal architecture at the southeast Greenland margin, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 8853-8870, 2001 (PDF version).

Müntener, O., P.B. Kelemen and T.L. Grove , The role of H2O and composition on the genesis of igneous pyroxenites: An experimental study, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 141, 643-658, 2001. (PDF version).

Spiegelman, M., P.B. Kelemen and E. Aharonov, Causes and consequences of flow organization during melt transport: The Reaction infiltration instability, J. Geophys. Res.106 , 2061-2078, 2001. (PDF preprint).


Kelemen, P.B., M. Braun and G. Hirth, Spatial distribution of melt conduits in the mantle beneath oceanic spreading ridges: Observations from the Ingalls and Oman ophiolites, G-cubed 1, 2000. (PDF version).

Korenaga, J. and P.B. Kelemen, Major element heterogeneity in the mantle source of the North Atlantic igneous province, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 184, 251-268, 2000. (PDF version).

Korenaga, J., W.S. Holbrook, G.M. Kent, P.B. Kelemen, R.S. Detrick, H.-C. Larsen, J.R. Hopper and T. Dahl-Jensen, Crustal structure of the southeast Greenland margin from joint refraction and reflection seismic tomography, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 21,591-21,614, 2000 (PDF version - BIG!).


Bernstein, S., P.B. Kelemen and C.K. Brooks, Highly depleted spinel harzburgite xenoliths in Tertiary dikes from East Greenland, Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 154, 221-235, 1998. (PDF version).

Bernstein, S., P.B. Kelemen, C. Tegner , M.D. Kurz and C.K. Brooks, Post-rift basaltic magmatism along the East Greenland Tertiary rifted margin, Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 160, 845-862, 1998. (PDF version).

Kelemen, P.B., S.R. Hart and S. Bernstein, Silica enrichment in the continental upper mantle via melt/rock reaction, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 164, 387-406, 1998. (PDF version).

Kelemen, P.B. and E. Aharonov, Periodic formation of magma fractures and generation of layered gabbros in the lower crust beneath oceanic spreading ridges, in Faulting and Magmatism at Mid-Ocean Ridges, Geophysical Monograph 106, W.R. Buck, P.T. Delaney, J.A. Karson and Y. Lagabrielle, editors, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, 267-289, 1998. (PDF preprint).

Korenaga, J. and P.B. Kelemen, Melt migration through the oceanic lower crust: A constraint from melt percolation modeling with finite solid diffusion, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 156, 1-11, 1998. (PDF version).

Yogodzinski, G.M. and P.B. Kelemen, Slab melting and Aleutian magma genesis: Evidence from an ion probe study of clinopyroxene in primitive adakite and basalt, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 158, 53-65, 1998. (PDF version).


Aharonov, E., M. Spiegelman and P.B. Kelemen, 3D flow and reaction in porous media, with implications for the Earth's mantle and for sedimentary basins, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 14,821-14,833, 1997. (PDF version - BIG!).

Kelemen, P.B., G. Hirth, N. Shimizu, M. Spiegelman and H.J.B. Dick, A review of melt migration processes in the asthenospheric mantle beneath oceanic spreading centers, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London A355, 283-318, 1997a. (PDF preprint).

Kelemen, P.B., K. Koga and N. Shimizu, Geochemistry of gabbro sills in the crust/mantle transition zone of the Oman ophiolite: Implications for the origin of the oceanic lower crust, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 146, 475-488, 1997b.(PDF version).

Korenaga, J. and P.B. Kelemen, The origin of gabbro sills in the Moho transition zone of the Oman ophiolite: Implications for magma transport in the oceanic lower crust, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 27,729-27,749, 1997.


Bernstein, S., P.B. Kelemen and C.K. Brooks, Evolution of a layered mafic complex during continental rifting, J. Petrol. 37, 497-519, 1996.


Aharonov, E., J.A. Whitehead, P.B. Kelemen, and M. Spiegelman, Instability and focusing of upwelling melt in the mantle, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 20,433-20,450, 1995.

Kelemen, P.B., N. Shimizu and V.J.M. Salters, Extraction of MORB from the mantle by focused flow of melt in dunite channels, Nature 375, 747-753, 1995b.

Kelemen, P.B., Genesis of high Mg# andesites and the continental crust. Contrib. Min. Pet. 120, 1-19, 1995.

Kelemen, P.B. and W.S. Holbrook, Origin of thick, high-velocity igneous crust along the U.S. East Coast margin, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 10, 077-10,094, 1995.

Kelemen, P.B., J.A. Whitehead, E. Aharonov, and K. Jordahl, Experiments on flow focusing in soluble porous media, with applications to melt extraction from the mantle, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 475-496, 1995a.

Kelemen, P.B. and H.J.B. Dick, Focused melt flow and localized deformation in the upper mantle: Juxtaposition of replacive dunite and ductile shear zones in the Josephine peridotite, SW Oregon. J. Geophys. Res. 100, 423-438, 1995.


Whitehead, J.A. and P.B. Kelemen, Fluid and thermal dissolution instabilities in magmatic systems. in: Magmatic Systems , MP Ryan, ed., Academic Press, San Diego CA, 355-379, 1994.


Holbrook, W.S. and P.B. Kelemen, Large igneous province on the US Atlantic margin and implications for magmatism during continental breakup. Nature 364, 433-436, 1993.

Kelemen, P.B., N. Shimizu, and J.T. Dunn, Relative depletion of niobium in some arc magmas and the continental crust: Partitioning of K, Nb, La and Ce during melt/rock reaction in the upper mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 120, 111-133, 1993.


Kelemen, P.B., H.J.B. Dick, and J.E. Quick, Formation of harzburgite by pervasive melt-rock reaction in the upper mantle. Nature 358, 635-641, 1992.


Kelemen, P.B., Reaction between ultramafic wall rock and fractionating basaltic magma: Part I, Phase relations, the origin of calc-alkaline magma series, and the formation of discordant dunite. J. Petrol. 31, 51-98, 1990.

Kelemen, P.B., D.B. Joyce, J.D. Webster, and J.R. Holloway, Reaction between ultramafic wall rock and fractionating basaltic magma: Part II, Experimental investigation of reaction between olivine tholeiite and harzburgite at 1150 and 1050°C and 5 kbar. J. Petrol. 31, 99-134, 1990a.

Kelemen, P.B., K.T.M. Johnson, R.J. Kinzler , and A.J. Irving, High field strength element depletions in arc basalts due to mantle-magma interaction. Nature 345, 521-524, 1990b.


Cerveny, P.F., C.W. Naeser, P.B. Kelemen, J.E. Lieberman, and P.K. Zeitler, Zircon fission track ages from the Gasherbrum diorite on Gasherbrum IV, Karakorum Range, northern Pakistan. Geology 17, 1044-1048, 1989.


Kelemen, P.B., I. Reuber, and G. Fuchs, Structural evolution and sequence of thrusting in the High Himalayan, Tibetan-Tethys and Indus suture zones of Zanskar and Ladakh, Western Himalaya: Discussion. J .Struct. Geol. 10, 129-132, 1987.

Ghiorso, M.S. and P.B. Kelemen, Evaluating reaction stoichiometry in magmatic systems evolving under generalized thermodynamic constraints: Examples comparing isothermal and isenthalpic assimilation. Mysen, BO, ed, Magmatic Processes: Physicochemical Principles, Geochemical Society Special Publication No. 1, (Yoder Volume), 319-336, 1987.


Kelemen, P.B., Assimilation of ultramafic rock in subduction-related magmatic arcs. J. Geol. 94, 829-843, 1986.

Kelemen, P.B. and M.S. Ghiorso, Assimilation of peridotite in zoned calc-alkaline plutonic complexes: Evidence from the Big Jim complex, Washington Cascades. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 94, 12-28, 1986.


Kelemen, P.B. and M.D. Sonnenfeld, Stratigraphy, structure, petrology and local tectonics, central Ladakh, NW Himalaya. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrog. Mitt. 63, 267-287, 1983.